Specific Injury Definitions: Intentional Injury

Child maltreatment: includes child abuse and child neglect
Community violence: includes neighborhood violence
Elder abuse: includes elder maltreatment and mistreatment
Homicide
Intimate partner violence (IPV): includes domestic violence
School violence
Sexual violence
Suicide
Youth violence: includes bullying, peer harassment, and gang violence

"Any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver (e.g., clergy, coach, and teacher) that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child."

"Acts of Commission (child abuse) include words or overt actions that cause harm, potential harm, or threat of harm to a child that are deliberate and intentional. Harm to a child may or may not be the intended consequence. Intentionality only applies to the caregivers' acts—not the consequences of those acts. Examples of maltreatment involving acts of commission include physical, sexual, and psychological abuse."

"Acts of Omission (child neglect) include the failure to provide for a child's basic physical, emotional, or educational needs or to protect a child from harm or potential harm. Like acts of commission, harm to a child may or may not be the intended consequence. Examples of maltreatment involving acts of omission include physical neglect, emotional neglect, medical/dental neglect, educational neglect, inadequate supervision, and exposure to violent environments" (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

Violence that occurs primarily outside of the home and involves individuals who may or may not know each other, but who are unrelated. Some of the acts that fall under the community violence umbrella include sexual assault, burglary, use of weapons, muggings, the sounds of bullet shots, as well as social-disorder issues such as the presence of teen gangs, drugs, and racial divisions. Additionally, community violence typically includes direct and indirect victimization through experiencing violence, witnessing violence, or hearing about violence in one's neighborhood.

"Elder maltreatment includes any abuse and neglect of persons age 60 and older by a caregiver or another person in a relationship involving an expectation of trust. Examples of elder maltreatment include physical abuse, sexual abuse/abusive sexual contact, psychological or emotional abuse, neglect, abandonment, financial abuse, or exploitation" (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

"Death due to the intentional assault of another person by any means:

(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

"Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) includes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. This type of violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy. IPV can vary in frequency and severity. It occurs on a continuum, ranging from one hit that may or may not impact the victim to chronic, severe battering. The four main types of IPV include physical violence, sexual violence, threats of physical or sexual violence, and psychological or emotional violence" (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

"School violence typically refers to student-on-student and student-on-teacher acts of physical harm" (Stuart Henry, What Is School Violence? An Integrated Definition, ANNALS, AAPSS, 567, January 2000).

"Sexual violence (SV) includes any sexual act that is perpetrated against someone's will. SV encompasses a range of offenses, including a completed nonconsensual sex act (i.e., rape), an attempted nonconsensual sex act, abusive sexual contact (i.e., unwanted touching), and noncontact sexual abuse (e.g., threatened sexual violence, exhibitionism, verbal sexual harassment). All types involve victims who do not consent or who are unable to consent or refuse to allow the act" (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

"Suicide is death caused by self-directed, injurious behavior with any intent to die as a result of the behavior. Suicidal behavior exists along a continuum from thinking about ending one's life, to developing a plan, to nonfatal suicidal behavior, to ending one's life. Suicidal ideation includes thoughts of harming or killing oneself. The severity of suicidal ideation can be determined by assessing the frequency, intensity, and duration of these thoughts. A suicide attempt is a nonfatal, self-directed, potentially injurious behavior with any intent to die as a result of the behavior. A suicide attempt may or may not result in injury" (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).

Youth violence is typically defined as interpersonal violence in persons between the ages of 10 to 24, although patterns of youth violence can begin in early childhood. Interpersonal violence is defined as "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against another person or against a group or community that results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation" (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011).